During the 3rd Century
B.C., under the first Hellenistic pharaoh of Egypt Ptolemy I, the Old Testament was translated into Greek. 'Topazion' (Peridot)
was included in it as a gem representing
a Hebrew tribe of the Israelite Exodus. 2000 years later in 1611 A.D., the Old Testament was translated again from Hellenistic Greek into English, and 'Topazion' became
'Topaz.' In Egypt 'Topazion' had been called the 'Gem Of The Sun, therefore 'Topaz' inherited the same name.
The ancient connection between Topaz
and the virtues of the Sun remained right up until
the 19th Century, when all yellow gems
were also termed 'Chrysolite:' Golden stones...