Gem of The Sun

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Topaz is often referred to as 'Gem Of The Sun,' it derived this alias along with its current name from the translation of 'Topazion,' made at the time of the Ptolemaic Dynasty in ancient Egypt. At this time, circa 300 B.C., the word 'Topazion' signified a green gemstone found on an Island of the same name, located off the Egyptian coast in the Red Sea. Today, the Island of 'Topazion' is known in Egyptian Arabic as Zabargad. This is also the Egyptian name given to the gemstone, which heralds from this place: Peridot. Clearly, the gemstone known to the ancients as 'Topazion' was our Peridot, not Topaz. Furthermore, in support of disproving the earlier
Greek translation, we know that Topaz was only officially recognized during the 17th century A.D., so it couldn't have been 'Topazion.' So what of the 'Gem of the Sun?'

It is said that the slaves that sourced the island's green 'Topazion' gems mined by day, but also by night as it was apparently difficult to distinguish them by daylight. To overcome this problem, the workers would go out at dusk and mark the location of the gems, which glowed under the incandescent light of torchlights. The workers would then return the next day to work the area. It is believed that the nocturnal brilliance of these 'Topazion' gems, gave rise to the green gemstone being appropriated with the pseudonyms: 'Gem Of The Sun' and 'The Evening Emerald.' But how did our Topaz receive peridot's ancient pseudonyms?

During the 3rd Century B.C., under the first Hellenistic pharaoh of Egypt Ptolemy I, the Old Testament was translated into Greek. 'Topazion' (Peridot) was included in it as a gem representing a Hebrew tribe of the Israelite Exodus. 2000 years later in 1611 A.D., the Old Testament was translated again from Hellenistic Greek into English, and 'Topazion' became 'Topaz.' In Egypt 'Topazion' had been called the 'Gem Of The Sun, therefore 'Topaz' inherited the same name.

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Aside from these origins it is also possible that the term 'Gem Of The Sun,' was derived from ancient Egyptians who had found the same green 'Topazion' gems inside Pallasite meteorites. Pallasite meteorites, named after the German naturalist Pyotr Pallas in 1772, are iron-nickel meteorites, which contain Olivine and subsequently Olivine's sub-species Forsterite-Olivine, or as it's more commonly known Peridot. But how could Peridot form in outer space?
There are asteroids floating in space that measure as much as 50-200km in diameter, these huge rocks once formed the outer and inner layers of planets. In space the accumulation of that much mass, including the inclusion of high-temperature radioactive materials, would slowly alter an asteroids body causing the denser metals to drop to the center of the body. Less dense materials like Olivine wouldn't descend so far, and would take shape within the outer layers of the asteroid. Overtime these immense asteroids, resembling the structure of the Earth, could possess the equivalent of a crust, mantle and core.

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Eventually, the radioactive processes within the core of these asteroids, cooled down and substances such as Olivine would crystallize. A big enough collision between two asteroids would cause fragments of the Olivine rich core-mantle boundary to fly through space; these fragments are the sources of Pallasite meteorites. These meteorites have fallen out of the heavens at regular intervals since the dawn of time. Therefore, it is not difficult to imagine that the ancient alchemic cultures of Egypt, believing 'As it is above, so it is below,' considered these bright green Peridot crystals at the heart of these sky rocks to be 'The Gems Of The Sun.'

The ancient connection between Topaz and the virtues of the Sun remained right up until the 19th Century, when all yellow gems were also termed 'Chrysolite:' Golden stones...

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